EUKARYA

TWENTY-FOUR

EMERGENT HAPLORHINES

ANIMALIA

BILATERIA

DEUTEROSTOME

CHORDATE

VERTEBRATE - FISH

VERTEBRATE - AMPHIBIAN

VERTEBRATE - REPTILE

reptilian fluid-containing eggs cut final tie with ocean

VERTEBRATE - MAMMAL

               VERTEBRATE - DINOSAUR

birth of dinosaurs coincides with appearance of     hardwood forests

VERTEBRATE - BIRD

PRIMATE

STREPSIRRHINI

HAPLORHINI

ANTHROPOID

PLATYRRHINI

CATARRHINI

HOMINOIDEA

HOMINIDEA

HOMININI

HOMO (GENUS)

HUMAN

*2 small bones of the reptilian lower jaw-bone, near the mandibular joint, evolve to form the malleus and incus, joining together with the reptilian stapes, to form the mammalian middle ear

200 mya

1.4 bya

SYNAPSIDS:

(single pair of

temporal bone openings)

DIAPSIDS:

(double pair of temporal bone openings)

first tetrapod

85 - 60 million years ago
ALTIATLASIUS

lemurs, galagos

new world monkeys

tarsiers

(simians)

old world monkeys, apes

(south america)

20 million years ago
PROCONSUL
30 million years ago
AEGYPTOPITHECUS
13 million years ago
SIVAPITHECUS/DRYOPITHECUS
7 million years ago
SAHELANTHROPUS TSCHADENSIS
2.4 million years ago
HOMO HABILIS
200,000 years ago
HOMO SAPIENS

HOMO (GENUS)

542 mya

375 mya

 "Dawn Monkey"

earliest anthropoid (?)

45 million years ago

EOSIMIAS

DEATH OF THE DINOSAURS
END OF THE CRETACEOUS PERIOD
END OF THE MESOZOIC ERA

195 million years ago

66 million years ago

(pro-simians)